The Handbook of Parenting brings together in a single volume much of the theoretical and empirical knowledge and aspects of professional activity within the broadly defined field of parenting. Contributions are presented from an internationally renowned group of scholars known for their work in a range of disciplines, including child and family psychology, education and family studies, providing an accessible map of the major debates in theory, research and practice in this important and exciting field. The material is presented comprehensively. It encompasses essential policy and professional issues in all the main areas of current concern from parenting in culturally divergent settings, to parenting children with special needs in areas of physical, mental, social and educational functioning, to looking at ways in which the wider community and technological advances may be able to provide parenting support. Published in a single-volume format, this handbook will prove an invaluable and essential resource. Academics, researchers, practitioners and advanced students in a host of disciplines will gain from its breadth, wealth of information and enormous insight into the principal issues related to parenting theory and practice in the 21st century. The distinctive contribution of this handbook is to present a vast body of research and other information in a manner that is usable by practitioners in a wide range of child and parental support activities.
Chapter 6: Parenting in Culturally Divergent Settings
Parenting in Culturally Divergent Settings
As the world becomes more of a global village, interlinked through multinational media, the Internet, and global markets, we are provided with increasing opportunities to learn about other cultures, and gain a truer world view. Diversity within countries is increasing as well, and most are likely to have very mixed populations.
It is the goal of this chapter to present a view of parenting that posits that successful parenting styles and practices are relative to the specific context within which the family lives. This adaptive contextual approach will provide a framework for evaluating parenting practices in different cultures, settings, and environments in a relativistic manner. We will primarily focus on the variables that are either specific to, ...