Work in the 21st century requires new understanding in organizational behaviour; how individuals interact together to get work done. This volume brings together research on essential topics such as motivation, job satisfaction, leadership, compensation, organizational justice, communication, intra- and inter-team functioning, judgement and decision-making, organizational development and change. Psychological insights are offered on management interventions, organizational theory, organizational productivity, organizational culture and climate, strategic management, stress, and job loss and unemployment.
Chapter 4: Work Motivation
The present chapter provides a review of six of the more dominant theories of work motivation; Equity Theory, Expectancy Theory, Cognitive Evaluation Theory, Goal-Setting Theory, Control Theory, and Social Cognitive Theory. For each of these theories, the central tenets of the model are presented, followed by a summary of the research support that has been obtained for these theoretical propositions and a critical evaluation of the theory as a model of work motivation. Following this discussion, the chapter is concluded with several broad theoretical and methodological suggestions for improving the quality of future research in the field of work motivation.
Since the formal inception of the field of work motivation during the 1930s, numerous theoretical models have been forwarded to both explain and ...