This milestone Handbook brings together an impressive collection of international contributions on micro research in Organizational Behavior. Focusing on core micro Organizational Behavior issues, chapters cover key themes such as individual and group behaviour. The Sage Handbook of Organizational Behavior Volumes I provides students and scholars with an insightful and wide reaching survey of the current state of the field and is an indespensible road map to the subject area. The Sage Handbook of Organizational Behavior Volume II will publish in November 2008. Edited by Stewart R Clegg and Cary L Cooper this Handbook draws together contributions from leading macro Organizational Behavior scholars.

A Multi-Level Conceptualization of Organizational Politics

A Multi-Level Conceptualization of Organizational Politics

A multi-level conceptualization of organizational politics

Organizational politics is predominately viewed as the exercise of power amongst individuals and groups within an organization (Leary, 1995; Pfeffer, 1992, 1997). The basic assumption behind this perspective is that individuals are rationally bounded, self-interested actors who pursue power and detract from others' power for their own gain (Emerson, 1962; Pfeffer and Salancik, 1978). Previous organizational politics scholarship largely has focused on social influence or effective political tactics (Ferris et al., 2002b) and the effects of perceived political behavior on organizational members (Ferris et al., 2002a). However, aspects of these largely sociology-based assumptions are at odds with economic and psychology-based assumptions of decision making and behavior.

Proponents of the economic organizational perspective (Barney and Ouchi, ...

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