This milestone Handbook brings together an impressive collection of international contributions on micro research in Organizational Behavior. Focusing on core micro Organizational Behavior issues, chapters cover key themes such as individual and group behaviour. The Sage Handbook of Organizational Behavior Volumes I provides students and scholars with an insightful and wide reaching survey of the current state of the field and is an indespensible road map to the subject area. The Sage Handbook of Organizational Behavior Volume II will publish in November 2008. Edited by Stewart R Clegg and Cary L Cooper this Handbook draws together contributions from leading macro Organizational Behavior scholars.
Chapter 17: Employee Motivation
We discover the concept of motivation through our own experiences of desire and aversion. A motive is a physiological or psychological based desire that incites a person to action. Motivation affects choice, effort and persistence (Latham, 2007). Employees make choices as to what they will aim for, the amount of effort they will exert, and how long they will persist in pursuing what it is that they want to attain. A taxonomy for predicting, understanding, and influencing motivation in organizational settings includes needs, traits, values, cognition, affect, and the environment/context (Latham and Pinder, 2005; Locke and Henne, 1986). This chapter examines theories and empirical research that underlie this taxonomy. The value of these theories is that they provide frameworks for selecting employees ...