This Handbook provides an up-to-date discussion of the central issues in nonverbal communication and examines the research that informs these issues. Editors Valerie Manusov and Miles Patterson bring together preeminent scholars, from a range of disciplines, to reveal the strength of nonverbal behavior as an integral part of communication.

Personality and Nonverbal Behavior: A Complex Conundrum

Personality and Nonverbal Behavior: A Complex Conundrum

Personality and nonverbal behavior: A complex conundrum

A Boldly Sketched Portrait of Albrecht Dürer.

“Whoever examines this countenance cannot but perceive in it the traits of fortitude, deep penetration, determined perseverance, and inventive genius. At least every one will acknowledge the truth of these observations, when made.”

SOURCE: J. C. Lavater (ca. 1844), Essays on Physiognomy, translated by Thomas Holcroft, 4th ed., London (publisher unknown), pp. 33–35, image and caption from Plate 1. (Retrieved August 9, 2005, from; the Dürer image and the quotation from Lavater about Dürer were used, with permission, from the above Web site of Ross Woodrow.)

Author's Note: Correspondence should be addressed to Robert Gifford, Department of Psychology, University of Victoria, Victoria, British Columbia, Canada, V8W ...

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