This Handbook provides an up-to-date discussion of the central issues in nonverbal communication and examines the research that informs these issues. Editors Valerie Manusov and Miles Patterson bring together preeminent scholars, from a range of disciplines, to reveal the strength of nonverbal behavior as an integral part of communication.
Chapter 8: An Evolutionary Approach to Understanding Nonverbal Communication
An Evolutionary Approach to Understanding Nonverbal Communication
There are several excellent theories in nonverbal communication and new models to develop to meet emerging theoretic needs. This essay delineates how Darwin's (1859) theory of evolution by means of natural selection (TNS) can add to the theoretic sophistication in this area by explaining multiple aspects of nonverbal communication and behavior in human relationships. I have divided this chapter into three general sections, the first of which provides an introduction to evolution, in general, and TNS and evolutionary psychology, in particular. Such an introduction, although protracted, is essential to an appreciation of the evolutionary approach. The second section applies the principles of TNS and evolutionary psychology to the understanding of nonverbal communication ...