This Handbook provides an up-to-date discussion of the central issues in nonverbal communication and examines the research that informs these issues. Editors Valerie Manusov and Miles Patterson bring together preeminent scholars, from a range of disciplines, to reveal the strength of nonverbal behavior as an integral part of communication.
Chapter 25: Nonverbal Communication, Race, and Intergroup Interaction
Nonverbal Communication, Race, and Intergroup Interaction
Perceiving others and oneself in terms of group identity influences the way people interact with others. When group memberships are salient, interactions are often guided by social roles (Eagly & Wood, 1999). To the extent that people rely on category-based, rather than individual-based, processing in their interaction, their perceptions will be influenced by group stereotypes and attitudes that can be activated automatically and without full awareness. When people think of themselves as members of a group, they view themselves not only as a [Page 482]representative of that group but also as the embodiment of that group's values, beliefs, and interests (Turner, Hogg, Oakes, Reicher, & Wetherell, 1987). Thus, interpersonal interactions under these conditions become, ...