This Handbook provides an up-to-date discussion of the central issues in nonverbal communication and examines the research that informs these issues. Editors Valerie Manusov and Miles Patterson bring together preeminent scholars, from a range of disciplines, to reveal the strength of nonverbal behavior as an integral part of communication.
Chapter 2: The Evolution of Theories of Interactive Behavior
The Evolution of Theories of Interactive Behavior
Speculation about the role and impact of nonverbal behavior in the human condition has been present for centuries in philosophy, science, and literature (see Knapp, this volume). Nevertheless, the development of systematic and focused empirical research on nonverbal behavior is a relatively recent phenomenon, growing rapidly from the late 1950s through the present day. Although the vast majority of this work consists of empirical research, theoretical scholarship has also been important, not only in developing a broader understanding of nonverbal communication but also in shaping subsequent empirical work. This chapter focuses on some of this theoretical development. In particular, I discuss theories of interactional nonverbal behavior (i.e., patterned cues in face-to-face contexts).