This Handbook provides an up-to-date discussion of the central issues in nonverbal communication and examines the research that informs these issues. Editors Valerie Manusov and Miles Patterson bring together preeminent scholars, from a range of disciplines, to reveal the strength of nonverbal behavior as an integral part of communication.
Chapter 14: Nonverbal Behavior in Intimate Interactions and Intimate Relationships
Nonverbal Behavior in Intimate Interactions and Intimate Relationships
Intimacy is a complex concept about which researchers legitimately create various conceptualizations and reach different conclusions (Acitelli & Duck, 1987; Prager, 1995). For this reason, intimacy has been conceptualized variously as a relationship type, as an emotion, as interpersonal warmth or closeness, as a subjective experience, as a communication trait, as an interpersonal process, as a motive, as a behavior, as sexual interaction, and as an interpersonal goal (Andersen & Guerrero, 1998; McAdams, 1988; Prager, 1995; Reis & Shaver, 1988). Whereas all these conceptualizations have value, consistent with Prager (2000), we are concerned primarily in this chapter with intimacy as a [Page 260]type of interaction, a focus that has two ...