The SAGE Handbook of Nations and Nationalism


Edited by: Gerard Delanty & Krishan Kumar

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  • Chapters
  • Front Matter
  • Subject Index
  • Part 1: Approaches

    Part 2: Themes

    Part 3: Nations and Nationalism in a Global Age

  • Introduction

    Nationalism has long excited debate in political, social, and cultural theory and remains a key field of enquiry among historians, anthropologists, sociologists, as well as political scientists. It is also one of the critical media issues of our time. There are, however, surprisingly few volumes that bring together the best of this intellectual diversity into one collection.

    The SAGE Handbook of Nations and Nationalism gives readers a critical survey of the latest theories and debates, and provides a glimpse of the issues that will shape their future. Its three sections guide the reader through the theoretical approaches to this field of study, its major themes – from modernity to memory, migration and genocide – and the diversity of nationalisms found around the globe.

    The overall aim of this Handbook is to relate theories and debates within and across a range of disciplines, illuminate themes and issues of central importance in both historical and contemporary contexts, and show how nationalism has impacted and interacted with other political and social forms and forces. This book will provide a much-needed resource for scholars in international relations, political science, social theory, and sociology.


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    Notes on Contributors

    Johann P. Arnason is Emeritus Professor of Sociology at La Trobe University, Melbourne, and was until recently editor of the journal Thesis Eleven. He has published widely on social theory and historical sociology. Recent publications include: The Peripheral Centre: Essays on Japanese History and Civilization (TransPacific Books 2002); Civilizations in Dispute: Historical Questions and Theoretical Traditions (Brill 2003); (co-edited with Bjorn Wittrock) Eurasian Transformations, Tenth to Thirteenth Centuries: Crystallizations, Divergences, Renaissances (Brill 2004); and (co-edited with S. N. Eisenstadt and Bjorn Wittrock) Axial Civilizations and World History (Brill 2005).

    Peter Beilharz is Professor of Sociology and Director of the Thesis Eleven Centre for Critical Theory at La Trobe University, Australia. He is author of Trotsky, Trotskyism and the Transition to Socialism (Croom Helm 1987); Labour's Utopias (Routledge 1992); Postmodern Socialism (Melbourne University Press 1994); Transforming Labour (Cambridge 1994); Imagining the Antipodes (Cambridge 1997); and Zygmunt Bauman – Dialectic of Modernity (Sage 2000); and is editor of fifteen books. He is working on a book on Australia, to be called The Unhappy Country.

    Mabel Berezin is Associate Professor of Sociology at Cornell University. She is a comparative historical sociologist whose work explores the intersection of political and cultural institutions with an emphasis on modern and contemporary Europe. She is the author of Making the Fascist Self: The Political Culture of Inter-war Italy (Cornell 1997). In addition to numerous articles, she has edited and designed two collaborative volumes: Democratic Culture: Ethnos and Demos in Global Perspective (with Jeffrey Alexander); and (with Martin Schain) Europe Without Borders: Re-mappingTerritory, Citizenship and Identity in a Transnational Age (Johns Hopkins University Press 2003). She is at work on a study of anti-liberal politics in contemporary Europe that is forthcoming from Cambridge University Press.

    John D. Brewer is Professor of Sociology at the University of Aberdeen. He is a Fellow of the Royal Society of Arts, an Academician in the Academy of Social Sciences and a Member of the Royal Irish Academy. He has held visiting appointments at Yale, St John's College Oxford, Corpus Christi College Cambridge and the Australian National University. He is currently writing a book on the sociology of peace processes.

    David Brown is Associate Professor in the Politics and International Studies Program, and Fellow of the Asia Research Centre, Murdoch University, Western Australia. He has written extensively on ethnic politics and nationalism. His publications include authorship of The State and Ethnic Politics in Southeast Asia (Routledge 1994) and Contemporary Nationalism (Routledge 2000). In 2003 he received a Fulbright ‘New Century Scholar’ award.

    Daniel Chernilo obtained his doctorate, and lectured in Sociology, at the University of Warwick. He currently holds a research fellowship by the Chilean Council for Science and Technology at the University Alberto Hurtado in Santiago and is a fellow of the Warwick Social Theory Centre. His publications include papers on contemporary sociological theory, methodological nationalism, historical sociology and cosmopolitan sociology. He is also the author of A Social Theory of the Nation-State: Beyond Methodological Nationalism (Routledge, forthcoming).

    Daniele Conversi received his PhD at the London School of Economics. He taught at the Government and History departments at Cornell and Syracuse Universities, as well as at the Central European University, Budapest. He is currently Visiting Academic at LSE and Senior Lecturer at the University of Lincoln. His first book was The Basques, the Catalans, and Spain (Hurst 1997; second paperback edition, Nevada University Press 2000; Catalan translation, 2005). His latest volume, Ethnonationalism in the Contemporary World (Routledge 2004, second paperback edition), is a collection of essays by some of the top international scholars entirely devoted to Walker Connor's seminal contribution. He is currently working on a larger book on theories of nationalism.

    Lloyd Cox is a research fellow at La Trobe University, writing a book examining transformations in the welfare state and national identity in Australia and New Zealand since the 1980s. He is the author of several conference papers - including Border Lines: Globalization, Deterritorialization and the Reconfiguring of National Boundaries (Mobile Boundaries/Rigid Worlds Conference, Macquarie University, 27–28 September 2004) and Globalization and the ‘Wage-Earners’ Welfare State: Australia and New Zealand in Comparative Perspective (The Australian Sociological Association's Annual Conference, La Trobe University, 8–11 December 2004) - and has entries under ‘Nationalism’, ‘Empire’, ‘Global Politics’ and ‘Socialism’ in G. Ritzer (ed.), Encyclopedia of Sociology (Blackwell 2006, forthcoming).

    Gerard Delanty is Professor of Sociology, University of Liverpool, UK and has written on various issues in social theory and general sociology. He is Editor of the European Journal of Social Theory. His publications include Inventing Europe (Macmillan 1995); Social Science (1997; new edition 2005); Social Theory in a Changing World (Polity Press 1998); Modernity and Postmodernity (Sage 2000); Citizenship in a Global Age (Open University Press 2000); Challenging Knowledge: The University in the Knowledge Society (Open University Press 2001); (with Patrick O'Mahony) Nationalism and Social Theory (Sage 2002); Community (Routledge 2003); (edited) Adorno: Modern Masters 4 vols (Sage 2004); (edited with Piet Strydom) Philosophies of Social Science (Open University Press 2003); (with Chris Rumford) Rethinking Europe: Social Theory and the Implications of Europeanization(Routledge 2005); and (edited) Handbook of Contemporary European Social Theory (Routledge 2005).

    José Maurício Domingues gained his PhD in Sociology at the London School of Economics and Political Science. He is Executive Director at Rio de Janeiro Research Institute (IUPERJ) and his publications include Modernity Reconstructed (University of Wales Press 2005); Social Creativity, Collective Subjectivity and Contemporary Modernity (Palgrave/Macmillan 2000); and Sociological Theory and Collective Subjectivity (Palgrave/Macmillan 1995); and, as co-editor with Leonardo Avritzer, Modernidade e teoria social no Brasil (UFMG 2000).

    Steve Fenton is Professor of Sociology at Bristol University. He has a specialist interest in ethnicity, ethnic conflict and racism, with a particular focus on comparative studies and the politics of ethnicity. In the recent past he has researched in the following areas: ethnic differences in the experience of mental health and illness; higher education and ethnic inequalities; and young adults and labour markets. His recent publications include: ‘Explaining Ethnicity’, Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies, 30 (4) (2004); ‘Beyond Ethnicity: the Global Comparative Analysis of Ethnic Conflict?’, International Journal of Comparative Sociology, 45 (3/4) (2004); Ethnicity (Polity 2003); (as co-editor) Ethnicity and Economy (Palgrave 2002); (as co-editor) Ethnonational Identities (Palgrave 2002); and Ethnicity: Racism Class and Culture (Palgrave/Macmillan 1999).

    Philip S. Gorski is Professor of Sociology and Director of the Center for Comparative Research at Yale University. He is the author of The Disciplinary Revolution: Calvinism and the Rise of the State in Early Modern Europe (University of Chicago Press 2003) and co-editor of Max Weber's Economy and Society: A Critical Companion (Stanford University Press 2005). The principal focus of his research is on religion and politics in comparative and historical perspective. He is currently editing a volume entitled ‘Bourdieusian Theory and Historical Analysis’, organizing a conference on religious nationalism and writing a book on secularization and secularism in the US, Germany, France and Sweden.

    Susan-Mary Grant is Reader in American History at the University of Newcastle-upon-Tyne, UK. She is the author of North Over South: Northern Nationalism and American Identity in the Antebellum Era (University Press of Kansas 2000), and co-editor of Legacy of Disunion: The Enduring Significance of the American Civil War (Louisiana State University Press 2003) and The American Civil War: Explorations and Reconsiderations (Longman 2000). She has also written a number of articles on American nationalism and the Civil War, the most recent of which is ‘Patriot Graves: American National Identity and the Civil War Dead,’ in American Nineteenth Century History, 5 (3) (Fall, 2004). A co-founder of the British American Nineteenth Century Historians’ association (BrANCH), she has recently become editor of American Nineteenth Century History, and is currently working on a study of the Civil War's role in American nationalism.

    Liah Greenfeld is a University Professor, Professor of Political Science and Sociology, and Director of the Institute for the Advancement of the Social Sciences at Boston University. She is the author of, amongst other publications, Nationalism: FiveRoads to Modernity (Harvard University Press 1992) and The Spirit of Capitalism:Nationalism and Economic Growth (Harvard University Press 2001).

    Peter Hays Gries is Assistant Professor of Political Science at the University of Colorado, Boulder and Director of the Sino-American Security Dialogue. He is author of China's New Nationalism: Pride, Politics and Diplomacy (University of California Press 2004), co-editor of State and Society in 21st-Century China: Crisis, Contention, and Legitimation (Routledge 2004), and has written over a dozen journal articles and book chapters.

    John A. Hall is James McGill Professor of Sociology at McGill University in Montreal’ and Professor of Sociology at Dartmouth college. He is the author, coauthor or editor of some twenty-two books, including: Powers and Liberties (Blackwell 1985); Liberalism (Paladin 1989); Coercion and Consent (1992); and (co-authored with Charles Lindholm) Is American Breaking Apart? (Princeton 2001). He is currently completing a biography of Ernest Gellner.

    Richard Handler is Professor of Anthropology and Associate Dean for Academic Programs in the College of Arts and Sciences at the University of Virginia. He is the author, most recently, of Critics Against Culture: Anthropological Observers of Mass Society (University of Wisconsin Press 2005) and the editor of the journal-series History of Anthropology.

    Chris Hann is a Director of the Max Planck Institute for Social Anthropology, Halle, Germany. His first major publication was based on his PhD: Tázlár: a Village in Hungary (Cambridge University Press 1980). Subsequent publications arose from fieldwork in Poland - A Village Without Solidarity: Polish Peasants in Years of Crisis (Yale University Press 1985) - and Turkey - (with Ildikó Bellér-Hann) Turkish Region: State, Market and Social Identities on the East Black Sea Coast (James Currey 2000). After holding teaching positions in the UK at the universities of Cambridge and Kent (Canterbury), he moved to Germany in 1999 to take up his present position. Recent publications include ‘Not the Horse We Wanted!’ From Postsocialism, Neoliberalism and Eurasia (Lit Verlag 2006), and the edited volume Postsocialism: Ideals, Ideologies and Practices in Eurasia (Routledge 2002).

    Mark Haugaard is a Lecturer in the Department of Political Science and Sociology at NUI, Galway His publications include: The Constitution of Power (Manchester University Press 1997); (as co-editor) Power in Contemporary Politics (Sage 2000); (as editor) Power: A Reader (Manchester University Press 2002) and (as co-editor) MakingSense of Collectivities: Ethnicity, Nationalism and Globalization (Pluto Press 2002).

    Michael Hechter is Foundation Professor of Global Studies at Arizona State University. He is a member of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences. Previously he was on the faculties of the University of Washington, the University of Arizona and the University of Oxford. His recent books include: Principles of Group Solidarity (University of California Press 1987); Containing Nationalism (Oxford University Press 2000); Internal Colonialism: The Celtic Fringe in British National Development (Routledge 1975/1999); (as co-editor) Social Norms (Russell Sage Foundation 2002); and (as co-editor) Theories of Social Order (Stanford University Press 2003).

    Douglas R. Holmes is Professor of Anthropology at State University of New York at Binghamton. His recent research has focused on the social and cultural dynamics of advanced European integration. His current research examines the relationship between the Deutsche Bundesbank and the European Central Bank as they experiment with the forms and functions of central banking. His published works include: Integral Europe: Fast-Capitalism, Multiculturalism, Neofascism (Princeton University Press 2000) and Cultural Disenchantment: Worker Peasantries in Northeast Italy (Princeton University Press 1989). More recently, he has collaborated with George E. Marcus on a series of publications that delineate methodological strategies for investigating contemporary political economy.

    Miroslav Hroch has been Professor in Modern European History at the Charles University, Prague. In 1993, he founded the Seminar of General and Comparative History, becoming its head until 2000. He has been visiting professor in Freiburg, Saarbrücken, UCLA, Halle, Chemnitz and European Univ. Institute in Florence. He published more than 100 articles on Early and Modern History and several books, many in Western languages: Die Vorkämpfer der nationalen Bewegungen bei den kleinen Völkern Europas (Prague, Charles University 1968); Social Preconditions of National Revival (Cambridge University Press 1985,2nd ed. Columbia Univ. Press 2000); Ecclesia Militans: The Inquisition (with A. Skybova) (Dorset Press 1988); In the National Interest. Demands and Goals of European National Movements of the Nineteenth Century: A Comparative Perspective (Prague, Faculty of Art 2000) and Das Europa der Nationen. Die moderne Nationsbildung im europäischen Vergleich (Göttingen, Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht 2005).

    John Hutchinson is Senior Lecturer in Nationalism at the London School of Economics. He is the author or editor of eight books on nationalism and ethnicity, including: The Dynamics of Cultural Nationalism (Allen and Unwin 1987); Modern Nationalism (Fontana 1994); and, most recently, Nations as Zones of Conflict (Sage 2004). He is Deputy Editor of Nations and Nationalism and Vice-President of the Association for the study of Ethnicity and Nationalism.

    Paul James is Director of the Globalism Institute (RMIT), an editor of Arena Journal and on the Council of the Institute of Postcolonial Studies. He has received a number of awards including the Japan-Australia Foundation Fellowship, an Australian Research Council Fellowship, and the Crisp Medal by the Australasian Political Studies Association for the best book in the field of political studies. He is author or editor of nine books, including: Nation Formation: Towards a Theory ofAbstract Community (Sage 1996); (with Tom Nairn) Global Matrix: Nationalism, Globalism and State-Terror (Pluto Press 2005); and Globalism, Nationalism, Tribalism: Bringing Theory Back In (Sage 2006).

    Mark Juergensmeyer is Professor of Sociology and Director of Global and International Studies at the University of California, Santa Barbara. His main area of research is religious violence, conflict resolution and South Asian religion and politics, and he has published more than two hundred articles and a dozen books, including: The New Cold War? Religious Nationalism Confronts the Secular State (University of California Press 1993); Terror in the Mind of God: The Global Rise ofReligious Violence (University of California Press 2003; revised edition); Gandhi'sWay (University of California Press 2005; updated edition); and (as editor) GlobalReligions (Oxford University Press 2003).

    E. Fuat Keyman is Professor of International Relations at Koç University, Istanbul. He is also the director of the Koç University Centre for Research on Globalization and Democratic Governance (GLODEM). He works on democratization, globalization, international relations, Turkish politics and Turkish foreign policy. He has produced many books and articles, both in English and in Turkish, in these areas. He is the author of Globalization, State, Identity/Difference: Towards a Critical Social Theory of International Relations (Humanities Press 1997); Turkey and Radical Democracy (Alfa 2001); Remaking Turkey: Globalization, Modernity and Democratization (Lexington, forthcoming); and a co-editor of Citizenship in a Global World: European Questions and Turkish Experiences (Routledge 2005).

    Anatoly M. Khazanov is Ernest Gellner Professor of Anthropology, University of Wisconsin-Madison. An author and editor of sixteen volumes and about 200 articles, his books include Nomads and the Outside World (Cambridge University Press 1984) and After the USSR: Ethnicity, Nationalism, and Politics in the Commonwealth of Independent States (University of Wisconsin Press 1995).

    Anthony King is Reader in Sociology at Exeter University. He has published widely on football and social theory including The European Ritual (Ashgate 2003) and The Structure of Social Theory (Routledge 2004). He is currently researching into the transformation of Europe's armed forces.

    Krishan Kumar is the William R. Kenan, Jr, Professor of Sociology at the University of Virginia. He was previously Professor of Social and Political Thought at the University of Kent at Canterbury. He has been a Visiting Professor at the universities of Bergen, Bristol and Colorado (Boulder), a Visiting Scholar at Harvard, an Invited Professor at the Ecole des Hautes Etudes en Sciences Sociales (Paris) and a Member of the Institute for Advanced Study, Princeton. Among his publications are: Prophecy and Progress (Penguin 1978); Utopia and Anti-Utopia in Modern Times (Blackwell 1987); The Rise of Modern Society (Blackwell 1988); Utopianism (University of Minnesota Press 1991); From Post-Industrial to Post-Modern Society (Blackwell 2005; 2nd edition); 1989: Revolutionary Ideas and Ideals (University of Minnesota Press 2001); and The Making of English National Identity (Cambridge University Press 2003). He is currently researching on empires.

    Tuna Kuyucu is a graduate student in sociology at the University of Washington.

    Lauren Langman is a Professor of Sociology at Loyola University of Chicago. He has long worked in the tradition of the Frankfurt School of Critical Theory, with an especial interest in the relationships between culture, politics/political movements and the psychosocial. He is past chair of Marxist Sociology of the American Sociological Association and current President of Alienation Research and Theory, Research Committee 36, of the International Sociological Association. He is on the editorial boards of Sociological Theory, Current Perspectives in Social Theory and Critical Sociology. Recent publications include a special issue of American BehavioralPolitics devoted to the presidency in a television age. His forthcoming book (coauthored with Karen Halnon) The Carnivalization of America (Sage Publications and Pine Forge Press), looks at the role of the alienation of youth and their embrace of transgressive life styles, identities and popular culture.

    David McCrone is Professor of Sociology and director of the University of Edinburgh's Institute of Governance. He is a Fellow of the Royal Society of Edinburgh and the British Academy. He is coordinator of the research programme funded by the Leverhulme Trust on Constitutional Change and National Identity (1999–2005). He has written extensively on the sociology and politics of Scotland, and the comparative study of nationalism. His recent books include: Living in Scotland: Social and Economic Change since 1980 (Edinburgh University Press 2004); Understanding Scotland: The Sociology of a Nation (Routledge 2001); (as co-editor) New Scotland, New Society? (Polygon at Edinburgh 2001), (as co-author) New Scotland: New Politics? (Polygon at Edinburgh 2001); and The Sociology of Nationalism: Tomorrow's Ancestors (Routledge 1998).

    Siniša Maleševic is a Lecturer in the Department of Political Science and Sociology, National University of Ireland, Galway. Previously he was a research fellow in the Institute for International Relations (Zagreb), Centre for the Study of Nationalism (Prague) and the Institute for Human Sciences (Vienna). His recent publications include: Identity as Ideology: Understanding Ethnicity and Nationalism (Palgrave 2006, forthcoming), The Sociology of Ethnicity (Sage 2004); Ideology, Legitimacy and the New State (Frank Cass 2002); and the co-edited volumes Making Sense of Collectivity: Ethnicity, Nationalism and Globalisation (Pluto 2002) and Ideology after Poststructuralism (Pluto 2002).

    Margaret Moore is Professor in the Department of Political Studies, Queen's University, Kingston, Canada. She is the author of Foundations of Liberalism (Oxford University Press 1993) and Ethics of Nationalism (Oxford University Press 2001). She has edited National Self-determination and Secession (Oxford University Press 1998) and co-edited (with Allen Buchanan) Nations, States and Borders: Diverse Ethical Perspectives (Cambridge University Press 2003).

    Benyamin Neuberger is Professor of Political Science and African Studies at the Open University of Israel. From 1972 to 2002 he taught African Politics at Tel-Aviv University. He was also a Visiting Professor at the University of Pennsylvania, the University of Cape Town and Haverford College. In the years 2003–2005 he was a Senior Associate Member of St Antony's College at Oxford University. His publications include: National Self-Determination in Postcolonial Africa (Lynne Rienner 1986); ‘National Self-Determination in the Middle East and North Africa’, in M. Maoz and G. Sheffer (eds), Middle Eastern Minorities and Diasporas (Sussex Academic Press 2002); ‘The Arab Minority in Israeli Politics: Between “Ethnic Democracy” and “National Integration”’, in A. Guelke (ed.), Democracy and Ethnic Conflict (Palgrave 2004); and Rwanda 1994: Genocide in the ‘Land of a Thousand Hills’ (The Open University of Israel, 2005).

    T. K. Oommen retired from Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi in October 2002. He is a past president of the International Sociological Association (1990–4) and he was the Secretary General of the XI World Congress of Sociology held in New Delhi in 1986. He has authored and/or edited eighteen books including: Citizenship, Nationality and Ethnicity, (Polity Press 1997); Pluralism, Equality and Identity (Oxford University Press 2002); and Nation, Civil Society and Social Movements (Sage 2004). He was visiting Professor/Fellow at the University of California, Berkeley, the Institute of Advanced Studies, Budapest, and the Institute of Advanced Studies, Uppsala, amongst other places.

    Ilan Pappe works in the Department of Political Science, University of Haifa, Israel. Recent publications include: (as editor) The Israel/Palestine Question (Routledge 1999); A History of Modern Palestine: One Land, Two Peoples (Cambridge University Press 2003); and The Modern Middle East (Routledge 2005).

    Maurice Roche is Director of the Interdisciplinary Research Centre on European Social and Cultural Studies (ESCUS) in Sheffield University, and a Reader in Sociology. He has also held sociology posts at the LSE in London and McMaster University, Canada. Since the 1980s his research interests have focused on the sociology of citizenship and the sociology of popular culture, including sport and cultural events, and he has published widely in each of these fields. His recent publications include: Mega-Events and Modernity: Olympics and Expos in the Growth of Global Culture (Routledge 2000); (as editor) Sport, Identity and Popular Culture (Meyer & Meyer Verlag 1998); and ‘Cultural Europeanisation and the Cosmopolitan Condition: EU Regulation and European Sport’, in C. Rumford (ed.), Europe and Cosmopolitanism (Liverpool University Press 2005).

    Audrey Sacks is a graduate student in sociology at the University of Washington.

    Richard Sakwa is Professor of Russian and European Politics at the University of Kent. He has published widely on Soviet, Russian and post-communist affairs. Recent books include: Soviet Politics in Perspective (Routledge 1998); Postcommunism (Open University Press 1999); The Rise and Fall of the Soviet Union, 1917–1991 (Routledge 1999); (co-edited, with Bruno Coppieters of the Vrije Universiteit Brussel) Contextualising Secession: Normative Aspects of Secession Struggles (Oxford University Press 2003); and Putin: Russia's Choice (Routledge 2004). His current research interests focus on problems of democratic development and the state in Russia, the nature of post-communism, and the global challenges facing the former communist countries.

    Daniel A. Segal is Jean M. Pitzer Professor of Anthropology and Professor of Historical Studies at Pitzer College of the Claremont Colleges. He is the past editor of Cultural Anthropology and, most recently, co-editor (with Sylvia Yanagisako) of Unwrapping the Sacred Bundle: Reflections on the Disciplining of Anthropology (Duke University Press 2005).

    Anthony D. Smith is Professor Emeritus of Ethnicity and Nationalism at the London School of Economics. His recent publications include: Nationalism and Modernism (Routledge 1998); The Nation in History (University Press of New England 2000); Chosen Peoples (Oxford University Press 2003); and The Antiquity of Nations (Polity 2004). He is President of the Association for the Study of Ethnicity and Nationalism, and Chief Editor of Nations and Nationalism.

    Yoshio Sugimoto is Professor of Sociology in the School of Social Sciences at La Trobe University, Melbourne, Australia. He was born and raised in Japan, graduated from Kyoto University and obtained a PhD in sociology from the University of Pittsburgh. Since his appointment at La Trobe in 1973, he has written extensively both in English and Japanese and has frequently contributed to the Japanese media. His publications include: An Introduction to Japanese Society (Cambridge University Press 2003, second edition); (with Ross Mouer) Images of Japanese Society (Kegan Paul International 1986); and How to Cease to be Japanese (Chikuma Shobo 1993, in Japanese).

    Anna Triandafyllidou is Senior Research Fellow at ELIAMEP and Fellow at the Robert Schuman Centre of Advanced Studies, European University Institute in Florence. She teaches as Visiting Professor at the College of Europe in Bruges and works occasionally as expert for the European Commission. She has held teaching and research positions at the University of Surrey, London School of Economics, CNR in Rome, New York University and European University Institute of Florence. Her recent publications include: Immigrants and National Identity in Europe (Routledge 2001); Negotiating Nationhood in a Changing Europe (Edwin Mellen Press 2002); What is Europe? (Palgrave Macmillan 2007 forthcoming); (co-edited) Europeanisation, National Identities and Migration (Routledge 2003); (co-edited) Multiculturalism, Muslims and Citizenship: A European Approach (Routledge 2005); and (co-edited) Transcultural Europe: Cultural Policy in the Changing Europe (Palgrave Macmillan 2006).

    Bryan S. Turner was Professor of Sociology at the University of Cambridge (1998–2005) and is currently Professor of Sociology in the Asia Research Institute, National University of Singapore. He is the research leader of the cluster on globalization and religion, and is currently writing a three-volume study of the sociology of religion and editing the Dictionary of Sociology for Cambridge University Press. A book on human rights and vulnerability is to be published in 2006 by Penn State University Press. Recent publications include Classical Sociology (Sage 1999), The New Medical Sociology (W. W. Norton 2004) and (as co-editor with Craig Calhoun and Chris Rojek) The Sage Handbook of Sociology (Sage 2005). With Chris Rojek, he published Society and Culture: Principles of Scarcity and Solidarity (Sage 2001) and, with June Edmunds, Generations, Culture and Society (Open University Press 2002). With Engin Isin, he edited the Handbook of Citizenship Studies (Sage 2002).

    Charles Turner is Senior Lecturer in Sociology at the University of Warwick. His recent publications include: ‘Scenographies of Suicide’, Economy and Society, 34 (2) (2005), and ‘Jürgen Habermas: European or German’, European Journal of Political Theory, 3 (3) (2005).

    Sylvia Walby is Professor at Lancaster University, in the Department of Sociology. She has been Professor of Sociology in the Universities of Leeds and Bristol, Reader at the LSE and was the founding President of the European Sociological Association. Her books include: Gender Transformations (Routledge 1997); Theorizing Patriarchy (Blackwell 1990); Patriarchy at Work (Polity Press 1986); and (co-edited with Boje and Steenbergen) European Societies: Fusion or Fission? (Routledge 1999). Her next book is Complex Social Systems: Theorizations and Comparisons in a Global Era (Sage 2006, forthcoming).

    Andreas Wimmer is Professor of Sociology at University of California, Los Angeles. He received an MA in 1989 and three years later a PhD in social anthropology from the University of Zurich, where he also habilitated in 1994. His main research interests include social change, ethnic conflict and nationalism, and culture theory. His regional specializations are Iraq, Mexico and Switzerland. Major book publications include Transformationen (Reimer 1995); Die komplexe Gesellschaft (Reimer 1995); Nationalist Exclusion and Ethnic Conflict (Cambridge University Press 2002); (as editor) Facing Ethnic Conflict (Rowman & Littlefield 2004); ProzessualeKulturtheorie (Verlag für Sozialwissenschaften); and (as editor) Understanding Change (Palgrave 2005).

    Ruth Wodak is Professor of Discourse Studies at Lancaster University. Besides various other prizes, she was awarded the Wittgenstein Prize for Elite Researchers in 1996 and is also head of the Wittgenstein Research Centre ‘Discourse, Politics, Identity’ at the University of Vienna. Her research interests focus on discourse analysis, gender studies, language and/in politics, identity politics, prejudice and discrimination, and on ethnographic methods of linguistic field work. She is a member of the editorial board of a range of linguistic journals and co-editor of the journals Discourse and Society, Critical Discourse Studies and Language and Politics. She has held visiting professorships in Uppsala, Stanford University, University of Minnesota, University of East Anglia and Georgetown University, Washington, DC. Her recent books include A New Agenda in Critical Discourse Analysis (Benjamins, with Paul Chilton, 2005); Re/reading the Past (with Jim Martin, Benjamins, 2003), Discourse and Discrimination (with Martin Reisigl, Routledge 2001) and The Discursive Construction of National Identity (EUP 1999).

    Suhnaz Yilmaz is an Assistant Professor of International Relations at Koç University, Istanbul. She has received her MA and PhD in Near Eastern Studies at Princeton and conducted her post-doctoral studies at Harvard University. Her areas of interest and expertise include foreign policy analysis, Middle Eastern studies, Turkish foreign policy, Mediterranean cooperation and security, and conflict resolution. She has publications in journals such as Middle East Journal, Middle Eastern Studies, O Mundo em Portugues and World Today.

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