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Racism- and Prejudice-Related Measures
Racism- and prejudice-related measures
7.1 An Overview of Racism and Prejudice

Although related, racism and prejudice reflect two different meanings. According to Allport (1954), prejudice is composed of generalized beliefs and attitudes that are inherently negative. While prejudice is formed through learned stereotypes, racism is a manifestation of prejudice. Specifically, racism is the differential treatment enacted by an individual, group, or organization on individuals based on assumptions of a group's phenotypic, linguistic, or cultural differences. Racism can occur at institutional (e.g., discriminatory laws and practices), societal (e.g., race hate groups), and individual (e.g., racial stereotyping by an individual) levels and be overt (i.e., old-fashioned) or covert (i.e., modern). Whereas overt racism reflects open hostility and acts of aggression toward a member or individuals ...

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