- Subject index
Providing readers with cutting-edge details on multicultural instrumentation, theories, and research in the social, behavioral, and health-related fields, this Handbook offers extensive coverage of empirically-supported multicultural measurement instruments that span a wide variety of subject areas such as ethnic and racial identity, racism, disability, and gender roles. Readers learn how to differentiate among and identify appropriate research tools for a particular project. This Handbook provides clinical practitioners with a useful starting point in their search for multicultural assessment devices they can use with diverse clients to inform clinical treatment.
Chapter 7: Racism- and Prejudice-Related Measures
Racism- and Prejudice-Related Measures
7.1 An Overview of Racism and Prejudice
Although related, racism and prejudice reflect two different meanings. According to Allport (1954), prejudice is composed of generalized beliefs and attitudes that are inherently negative. While prejudice is formed through learned stereotypes, racism is a manifestation of prejudice. Specifically, racism is the differential treatment enacted by an individual, group, or organization on individuals based on assumptions of a group's phenotypic, linguistic, or cultural differences. Racism can occur at institutional (e.g., discriminatory laws and practices), societal (e.g., race hate groups), and individual (e.g., racial stereotyping by an individual) levels and be overt (i.e., old-fashioned) or covert (i.e., modern). Whereas overt racism reflects open hostility and acts of aggression toward a member or individuals ...