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Acculturation Measures
Acculturation measures
6.1 Acculturation Defined

Acculturation as a construct has received scrutiny within the social, behavioral, and health sciences over at least the past seven decades. Theoretical and empirical treatment of the construct often begins with a ubiquitous mention of early anthropological and sociological scholars’ (e.g., Gordon, 1964; Redfield, Linton, & Herskovitz, 1936) views on acculturation. Redfield et al. (1936) considered acculturation to be a function of different cultural groups coming into regular firsthand intercultural contact. This perspective influenced and motivated a generation of acculturation scholarship such as Gordon's (1964, 1978) linear seven-stage process model of how immigrants assimilated to mainstream culture and Graves's (1967) notions of psychological acculturation on the individual level.

Since the publication of these and other early acculturation articles, a number of ...

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