Previous Chapter Chapter 10: Disability Attitude Measures

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Disability Attitude Measures
Disability attitude measures
10.1 Historical Overview and Definition

A report by the U.S Census Bureau (2005) puts the overall rate of disability in the U.S population for all ages, sexes, and races combined at 18.7%. The rates vary for different racial and ethnic groups: African Americans (20.5%), Asian Americans (12.4%), White Americans (19.7%), and Latino/a Americans (13.1%). Leung (2003) also notes that among African Americans and Latino/a Americans reporting a disability, both groups are more likely to be classified as having a “severe disability” (71.8% and 67.8%, respectively) than White Americans (52%). These disparate rates of disability in the U.S. population and elsewhere have motivated a number of new laws and classification systems.

The Vocational Rehabilitation Act of 1973 and the amendments that followed, the ...

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