- Subject index
Providing readers with cutting-edge details on multicultural instrumentation, theories, and research in the social, behavioral, and health-related fields, this Handbook offers extensive coverage of empirically-supported multicultural measurement instruments that span a wide variety of subject areas such as ethnic and racial identity, racism, disability, and gender roles. Readers learn how to differentiate among and identify appropriate research tools for a particular project. This Handbook provides clinical practitioners with a useful starting point in their search for multicultural assessment devices they can use with diverse clients to inform clinical treatment.
Chapter 10: Disability Attitude Measures
Disability Attitude Measures
10.1 Historical Overview and Definition
A report by the U.S Census Bureau (2005) puts the overall rate of disability in the U.S population for all ages, sexes, and races combined at 18.7%. The rates vary for different racial and ethnic groups: African Americans (20.5%), Asian Americans (12.4%), White Americans (19.7%), and Latino/a Americans (13.1%). Leung (2003) also notes that among African Americans and Latino/a Americans reporting a disability, both groups are more likely to be classified as having a “severe disability” (71.8% and 67.8%, respectively) than White Americans (52%). These disparate rates of disability in the U.S. population and elsewhere have motivated a number of new laws and classification systems.
The Vocational Rehabilitation Act of 1973 and the amendments that followed, the ...