- Subject index
Providing readers with cutting-edge details on multicultural instrumentation, theories, and research in the social, behavioral, and health-related fields, this Handbook offers extensive coverage of empirically-supported multicultural measurement instruments that span a wide variety of subject areas such as ethnic and racial identity, racism, disability, and gender roles. Readers learn how to differentiate among and identify appropriate research tools for a particular project. This Handbook provides clinical practitioners with a useful starting point in their search for multicultural assessment devices they can use with diverse clients to inform clinical treatment.
Chapter 1: Introduction
The terms cultural, cross-cultural and multicultural have sometimes been used interchangeably in the field of psychology. In order to understand the constructs, it is first useful to consider the definition of culture. Following the lead of cultural anthropology, we prefer to distinguish our working definition of culture as “a learned, socially transmitted, symbolically based mechanism for survival, which, like other phenomena of our universe, has order or pattern. … a system of learned and socially transmitted ideas, sentiments, social arrangements, and objects” (Gamst & Norbeck, 1976, p. 6). Whereas the term cultural has been used to refer to specific racial groups, the use of cross-cultural in mental health and psychology research typically refer to the study of similarities and differences across different cultural groups ...