- Subject index
This timely and stimulating Handbook, edited by world-class experts in the field, provides a comprehensive guide to Islamic Studies today. It examines the main issues in the field and explores the key debates. It provides readers with an indispensable, balanced guide to the roots of Islam and the challenges it faces in the twenty-first century.
Chapter 12: Islam and Democracy: Is Turkey an Exception or a Role Model?
Islam and Democracy: Is Turkey an Exception or a Role Model?
What is at Issue?
The question that used to dominate debates about Muslim society during the Cold War, when Third World development was the focus of attention and the realm of rivalry between the superpowers, was the compatibility of Islam with capitalism. The prevailing assumption was that if Middle Eastern societies remained underdeveloped and tended to fall under Soviet influence that had to be the outcome of their religion and culture. Maxime Rodinson's book, Islam and Capitalism (1974), which demonstrated that there was no incompatibility between the two, and that the problem lay elsewhere, was received as an iconoclastic intervention in the debate. Rodinson showed ...