The Handbook of International School Psychology provides a description of the specialty of psychology devoted to the global provision of services to children and youth, their teachers, and parents. Authors from 43 countries provide valuable information and insights regarding the following areas: the context of school psychology; the origin, history, and current status of school psychology; the infrastructure of school psychology; the preparation of school psychologists; the roles, functions, and responsibilities of school psychologists; current issues impacting school psychology; and key references.
Chapter 6: School Psychology in China
School Psychology in China
Context of School Psychology
With a civilized history of 5,000 years, the People's Republic of China is located on the Asian continent bordering the East China Sea, Yellow Sea, and South China Sea and covers 9,596,960 square kilometers (about the same size as the United States) with a population of approximately 1,300,000,000. Among its population are 279.47 million children age 14 years or younger and about 358 million under age 18. In 2004, there were 15.93 million births in China, resulting in a birth rate of 12.29 per 1,000, and 8.32 million deaths, resulting in a death rate of 6.42 per 1,000. In 2004, the net growth of population was 7.61 million.
In 2004, the gross domestic product was 13,651.5 ...