- Subject index
The Handbook of International School Psychology provides a description of the specialty of psychology devoted to the global provision of services to children and youth, their teachers, and parents. Authors from 43 countries provide valuable information and insights regarding the following areas: the context of school psychology; the origin, history, and current status of school psychology; the infrastructure of school psychology; the preparation of school psychologists; the roles, functions, and responsibilities of school psychologists; current issues impacting school psychology; and key references.
Chapter 42: School Psychology in the United States
School Psychology in the United States
Context of School Psychology
The American colonies sought independence from England in 1776 and were recognized as the new nation of the United States of America following the Treaty of Paris in 1783. During the 19th and 20th centuries, 37 new states were added to the original 13 as the nation expanded across the North American continent. The United States includes 50 states, the District of Columbia, Puerto Rico, and various territories. In 2005, its population of 295,734,134 was distributed by age as follows: birth to 14, 21% (males 51%); 15 to 64, 67% (males 49%); and 65 and over, 12% (males 42%). Ethnic diversity is reported as White, 77%; Black, 13%; Asian, 4.2%; American ...