- Subject index
The Handbook of International School Psychology provides a description of the specialty of psychology devoted to the global provision of services to children and youth, their teachers, and parents. Authors from 43 countries provide valuable information and insights regarding the following areas: the context of school psychology; the origin, history, and current status of school psychology; the infrastructure of school psychology; the preparation of school psychologists; the roles, functions, and responsibilities of school psychologists; current issues impacting school psychology; and key references.
Chapter 4: School Psychology in Brazil
School Psychology in Brazil
Context of School Psychology
Following three centuries under Portugal's rule, Brazil became an independent nation in 1822. Brazil is 8,511,965 square kilometers and is the fifth largest country in the world. It is bordered by the Atlantic Ocean to the east, and numerous countries in South America to the north (Guyana, Suriname, Venezuela), west (Colombia, Peru, Bolivia, Paraguay, Chile), and south (Uruguay). The climate is tropical. The terrain is diverse, including mountains, forests, arid regions, and over 7,500 kilometers of coastline. Brazil has a population of 183 million, and its gross domestic product in 2004 was US$1.492 trillion, US$8,100 per capita. The minimum wage is the equivalent of US$100 a month. There are tremendous disparities between the richest and ...