The Handbook of International School Psychology provides a description of the specialty of psychology devoted to the global provision of services to children and youth, their teachers, and parents. Authors from 43 countries provide valuable information and insights regarding the following areas: the context of school psychology; the origin, history, and current status of school psychology; the infrastructure of school psychology; the preparation of school psychologists; the roles, functions, and responsibilities of school psychologists; current issues impacting school psychology; and key references.
Chapter 38: School Psychology in Spain
School Psychology in Spain
Context of School Psychology
Spain is located in southwest Europe, separated from Africa by the Strait of Gibraltar, and borders France in the north and Portugal in the west. Its surface area is 505,992 square kilometres, and it has a population of 40,341,462. Only 37% of the population is under age 31; 14% are between birth and 14 years old. Spain's gross domestic product in 2004 was US$937.6 billion, US$23,300 per capita. Sixty-four percent of the labor force is in service industries; 30% is in construction, mining, and manufacturing; and 4% is in agriculture. Unemployment is high, about 11%. Forty-two percent of the working population has finished compulsory education (10th grade).
The Spanish educational system is structured according to the ...