- Subject index
The Handbook of International School Psychology provides a description of the specialty of psychology devoted to the global provision of services to children and youth, their teachers, and parents. Authors from 43 countries provide valuable information and insights regarding the following areas: the context of school psychology; the origin, history, and current status of school psychology; the infrastructure of school psychology; the preparation of school psychologists; the roles, functions, and responsibilities of school psychologists; current issues impacting school psychology; and key references.
Chapter 30: School Psychology in Peru
School Psychology in Peru
Context of School Psychology
Peru's geographic and political structure has been highly influenced by its rich Inca tradition, Spain's colonization, and the 1821 Proclamation of Independence. The country includes 24 states as well as three geographic areas: coastal (in which Lima, its capital, is located, with 1% of the country's territory), mountains (29% of the territory), and forest (70% of the territory). Each state contains provinces (180 in all), and each province contains districts (1,747 in all). Differences exist in lifestyles and climates, as well as in educational and social expectations. Peru's landmass is 1,285,216 square kilometers, and Peru is the world's 20thlargest country. It is bordered on the north by Ecuador and Colombia, on the east by Brazil, on ...