- Subject index
The Handbook of International School Psychology provides a description of the specialty of psychology devoted to the global provision of services to children and youth, their teachers, and parents. Authors from 43 countries provide valuable information and insights regarding the following areas: the context of school psychology; the origin, history, and current status of school psychology; the infrastructure of school psychology; the preparation of school psychologists; the roles, functions, and responsibilities of school psychologists; current issues impacting school psychology; and key references.
Chapter 3: School Psychology in Australia
School Psychology in Australia
Context of School Psychology
In 2001, Australia, a federation of six states and two territories, celebrated its centenary as a nation. Before 1901, Australia was a dispersed collection of British colonies, the earliest settlement (Sydney) dating from 1788. Located between the Indian Ocean and the South Pacific Ocean, Australia is an island of 7,686,850 square kilometres and nearly the size of the contiguous 48 United States. According to the Australian Bureau of Statistics, the nation's population in June 2005 was 20.3 million. Demographically and culturally, Australia is a highly urbanised nation, with 64% of its population residing in six state capital cities and 85% of Australians living in, or close to, an urban centre. Major cities are separated by ...