- Subject index
The Handbook of International School Psychology provides a description of the specialty of psychology devoted to the global provision of services to children and youth, their teachers, and parents. Authors from 43 countries provide valuable information and insights regarding the following areas: the context of school psychology; the origin, history, and current status of school psychology; the infrastructure of school psychology; the preparation of school psychologists; the roles, functions, and responsibilities of school psychologists; current issues impacting school psychology; and key references.
Chapter 22: School Psychology in Japan
School Psychology in Japan
Context of School Psychology
Japan, an island chain in Eastern Asia, is between the North Pacific Ocean and the Sea of Japan, east of the Korean Peninsula. Japan's landmass is 377,835 square kilometers, and its population of 127.69 million is the ninth largest in the world. At 341 persons per square kilometer, its population density ranks fourth among countries with populations of 10 million or more. The climate varies from tropical in the south to cool temperate in the north, and the terrain is mostly rugged and mountainous. Japan has a constitutional monarchy with a parliamentary government representing 47 prefectures (i.e., states). Although the emperor retains his throne as a symbol of national unity, actual power rests in networks ...