The Handbook of International School Psychology provides a description of the specialty of psychology devoted to the global provision of services to children and youth, their teachers, and parents. Authors from 43 countries provide valuable information and insights regarding the following areas: the context of school psychology; the origin, history, and current status of school psychology; the infrastructure of school psychology; the preparation of school psychologists; the roles, functions, and responsibilities of school psychologists; current issues impacting school psychology; and key references.
Chapter 17: School Psychology in India
School Psychology in India
Context of School Psychology
India is located in southern Asia, bordered by Pakistan to the northwest, China, Nepal, and Bangladesh to the northeast, the Bay of Bengal to the southwest, and the Arabian Sea to the southeast. India's geographical aspects comprise mountain ranges, deserts, a network of rivers, fertile agricultural plains, and dense hilly jungle areas. It is a large country spread over 3.28 million square kilometres with a federal structure of 28 states and 7 union territories with 32 languages and numerous dialects.
It is important to consider the country's physical, demographic, and economic characteristics. The population in 2005 was estimated at 1,080,264,388, which is approximately 15% of the world population. Although around 80% of the population is Hindu, ...