Social work is a profession that is increasingly involved with issues which have a global dimension. This Handbook tackles the global/local aspect of social work in its various forms and interrogates the key concerns that societies are facing through an international lens. The contributors show that, with an appreciation of commonalities and differences, local practices and appropriate forms of international activity can be better developed.

Social Work, Economic Conditions and Livelihood

Social work, economic conditions and livelihood
TatsuruAkimoto and DechaSungkawan

Introduction

The protection and promotion of livelihood and employment is one of the core missions of social work and this chapter presents a basic framework to understand the present situation and structure of this internationally. There are two major parts to this. First are the meanings and current scenarios behind industrialisation and globalisation, particularly under the prevailing capitalist economy, which are core factors that can explain social change, the existence of nation states, the gap between ‘developing’ and ‘developed', employment differentials and working conditions, including the growth of the informal sector.

Second are the strategies to alleviate poverty, improve livelihood and promote employment, together with some topical issues–the limitations of the market economy, the ...

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