Chapter 3: The History of Internationalization of Higher Education
The History of Internationalization of Higher Education
This chapter focuses on the historical development of international education in Europe and the United States. It is important to relate the internationalization of higher education in today's world to the original roots of the university and to place the present developments in historical perspective. Only in this way is it possible to identify the specific character of the internationalization of higher education as currently encountered.
The Middle Ages and Renaissance
Altbach (1998) calls the university the one institution that has always been global: “With its roots in medieval Europe, the modern university is at the center of an inter-national knowledge system that encompasses technology, communications, and culture” (p. 347). Kerr (1994) states ...