The SAGE Handbook of Industrial Relations provides a systematic, comprehensive survey of the field. The result is a work of unprecedented scope and unparalleled ambition. It offers a compete guide to the central debates, new developments, and emerging themes in the field. It will quickly be recognized as the indispensable reference for teachers, students and researchers. It is relevant to economists, lawyers, sociologists, business and management researchers, and Industrial Relations specialists.
Chapter 29: Industrial Relations Climate
Industrial Relations Climate
The term industrial relations climate is generally used to describe the nature and quality of relationships between labor and management in the organization (for example Katz et al., 1983). More precisely, industrial relations climate reflects the perceptions of organizational members about the norms, conduct, practice and atmosphere of union-management relations in the workplace (Blyton et al., 1987).
In the last two decades, in response to increased levels of competition in the economic environment, organizations have been forced to restructure their work arrangements and introduce changes in labor-management relations in an attempt to improve organizational performance. In this context, there has been a renewed interest among academics and practitioners in finding ways in which management and unions can develop more co-operative relationships ...