The SAGE Handbook of Industrial Relations provides a systematic, comprehensive survey of the field. The result is a work of unprecedented scope and unparalleled ambition. It offers a compete guide to the central debates, new developments, and emerging themes in the field. It will quickly be recognized as the indispensable reference for teachers, students and researchers. It is relevant to economists, lawyers, sociologists, business and management researchers, and Industrial Relations specialists.

Works Councils

Works councils


Works councils continue to attract considerable interest from industrial relations (IR) scholars. As the fortunes of other IR arrangements have faltered in many countries-notably the coverage of collective bargaining and levels of trade union membership-other forms of employee representation, such as works councils, have gained an added significance. Indeed, Frege (2002: 221) goes so far as to assert that works councils have come to be ‘widely regarded as the most prominent, widespread and powerful form of industrial democracy in contemporary capitalist societies’. It is certainly the case that this prominence has been further advanced in Europe over the recent period by the promotion of works council structures by the European Union (EU) as the way to secure more extensive employee information and ...

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