The SAGE Handbook of Industrial Relations provides a systematic, comprehensive survey of the field. The result is a work of unprecedented scope and unparalleled ambition. It offers a compete guide to the central debates, new developments, and emerging themes in the field. It will quickly be recognized as the indispensable reference for teachers, students and researchers. It is relevant to economists, lawyers, sociologists, business and management researchers, and Industrial Relations specialists.

Chapter 16: The State as Employer

The State as Employer

The state as employer

The state's role as employer depends on several aspects of governance, including questions regarding the functions of the state, the organizations through which the state operates, and the adopted management approach (Lane, 2000). The functions a state chooses to undertake affect the scope of its employment both directly and indirectly. Organizationally, states may opt to employ workers directly or contract services through private entities. Government decides how it will manage its workforce, selecting a model of staffing, compensation, and employee involvement that it wants to follow. The nature of any given state's role as employer reflects a confluence of economic, legal, political, and social factors. States may also use their role as employer to engineer important public-policy and ...

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