The SAGE Handbook of Industrial Relations provides a systematic, comprehensive survey of the field. The result is a work of unprecedented scope and unparalleled ambition. It offers a compete guide to the central debates, new developments, and emerging themes in the field. It will quickly be recognized as the indispensable reference for teachers, students and researchers. It is relevant to economists, lawyers, sociologists, business and management researchers, and Industrial Relations specialists.
Chapter 14: The State in Industrial Relations
The State in Industrial Relations
In his pioneering attempt to develop a general theory of industrial relations (IR), Dunlop (1958) defined its essence in terms of three ‘actors’ (employers and managers, workers and their representatives and governmental agencies) and three ‘contexts’ (technology, market constraints and the distribution of power in society). One might assume from this that the role of government and the impact of politics (the dynamics of power) would have figured prominently in his analysis, and that of subsequent writers who embraced his systems model. However, this was not the case. In practice the main focus of Dunlop, and most subsequent writers in the English-speaking world, was on the rules negotiated between employers and unions. Dunlop placed key explanatory ...