Identity research is at the heart of many trans-disciplinary research centers around the world. No single social science discipline `owns' identity research and The SAGE Handbook of Identities draws on a global scholarship to cover in four parts its: Frameworks: presents the main theoretical and methodological perspectives in identities research.Formations: covers the major formative forces for identities such as culture, globalization, migratory patterns, biology and so on.Categories: reviews research on the core social categories which are central to identity such as ethnicity, gender, sexuality, disability and social class and intersections between these.Sites and Context: develops a series of case studies of crucial sites and contexts where identity is at stake such as social movements, relationships and family life, work-places and environments and citizenship.
Chapter 3: The Social Identity Approach in Social Psychology
The Social Identity Approach in Social Psychology
In this contribution we review a family of social psychological theories, most notably Social Identity Theory (SIT) and Self-categorization Theory (SCT), which together constitute what we refer to as the Social Identity Approach (SIA). These theories are linked by their concern with the processes that surround the way in which people define themselves as members of a social group which, here, is the meaning of the term ‘social identity’. At a conceptual level, this approach serves to transform the understanding of identity in psychology. It stresses the sociality of the construct in at least three ways. First, social identity is a relational term, defining who we are as a function of our ...