This comprehensive yet practical handbook consolidates information needed by health psychologists working alongside other healthcare professionals. It facilitates the progression of the learner from the classroom to the clinical setting by focusing on the translation of science to practice using practical examples. The Handbook is divided into four major parts. Part I highlights practical issues faced by health psychologists in a medical setting (how to motivate patients, consultation-liaison, assessment and screening, brief psychotherapies, ethical issues, etc.) Part II concentrates on treating unhealthy behaviors (alcohol and nicotine use, noncompliance, overeating/obesity, physical inactivity, stress). Part III considers behavioral aspects of medical problems (pain management, hypertension, diabetes, cancer, sexual dysfunction, HIV/AIDS, irritable bowel syndrome, insomnia). And Part IV takes up special issues relevant to practice and research in the field (minority issues, women’s issues, working with geriatric populations, public health approaches to health psychology and behavioral medicine). The Handbook will prove to be an invaluable resource for those already working in the field of health psychology as well as for those in training.
Chapter 2: Psychological Assessment Screening in Medical Settings
Psychological Assessment Screening in Medical Settings
The presence of a psychologist in specialty medical settings has been common since the late 1960s and 1970s. During that era, there was increasing attention paid to the use of psychological principles to understand or enhance the treatment of cancer patients, cardiac patients, and chronic pain patients. Recently, more attention has been given to the potential role of psychologists in general medical or family practice and pediatric clinics. These health care providers, namely pediatricians, primary practice physicians (sometime known as primary care physicians [PCPs]), and family practice doctors, are the frontline care providers, even in those situations where it might be necessary to involve specialists. For example, most of the antidepressant prescriptions in the ...