This comprehensive yet practical handbook consolidates information needed by health psychologists working alongside other healthcare professionals. It facilitates the progression of the learner from the classroom to the clinical setting by focusing on the translation of science to practice using practical examples. The Handbook is divided into four major parts. Part I highlights practical issues faced by health psychologists in a medical setting (how to motivate patients, consultation-liaison, assessment and screening, brief psychotherapies, ethical issues, etc.) Part II concentrates on treating unhealthy behaviors (alcohol and nicotine use, noncompliance, overeating/obesity, physical inactivity, stress). Part III considers behavioral aspects of medical problems (pain management, hypertension, diabetes, cancer, sexual dysfunction, HIV/AIDS, irritable bowel syndrome, insomnia). And Part IV takes up special issues relevant to practice and research in the field (minority issues, women’s issues, working with geriatric populations, public health approaches to health psychology and behavioral medicine). The Handbook will prove to be an invaluable resource for those already working in the field of health psychology as well as for those in training.
Chapter 1: Health Psychology Practice in Medical Settings
Health Psychology Practice in Medical Settings
There has been tremendous growth in the number of psychologists with a primary interest in practicing in medical settings. In this chapter, we cannot provide an exhaustive review of the literature but instead present a perspective that will help put the subsequent chapters into a professional context. The goal of this chapter is to briefly review the roles of clinical health psychologists, address some issues of practice in a medical setting, and focus on specific strategies and recommendations on “how to” function as a clinical health psychologist in an academic health science center. The authors of this chapter represent different levels of training and background; therefore, they provide the perspectives of a psychologist in ...