The SAGE Handbook of Healthcare Ethics is an influential collection of work by leading scholars on the fundamental and emerging themes which define healthcare ethics. This authoritative Handbook brings together experts with backgrounds in philosophy, sociology, law, public policy and the health professions and reflects the increasing impact of globalization and the dynamic advances in the fields of bioscience and genetics, which keep ethics at the centre of debates about the future direction of healthcare. Combining international and interdisciplinary perspectives, the Handbook provides a cutting-edge account of debates in five key areas: Health Care Ethics in an Era of Globalization; Beginning and End of Life; Vulnerable Populations; Research Ethics and Technologies; Public Health and Human Rights
Chapter 2: Foundationalism and Principles
Foundationalism and Principles
One of the interesting aspects of bioethics today is that it is becoming more and more international. Many clinical trials nowadays are executed in developing countries. When some countries take legal measures against organ trade, the trafficking is displaced to other countries without regulations. Fringe scientists announcing that they have produced the first human clone always do that in areas of the world where it is not explicitly prohibited. Many countries do not have an adequate infrastructure to deal with bioethical issues. They lack expertise, ethics committees, ethics teaching programs, and ethics-related regulations and legislation. Because they are not the drivers of scientific and technological development, they fear to be excluded from the benefits of biomedical progress. At the same ...