The SAGE Handbook of Healthcare Ethics is an influential collection of work by leading scholars on the fundamental and emerging themes which define healthcare ethics. This authoritative Handbook brings together experts with backgrounds in philosophy, sociology, law, public policy and the health professions and reflects the increasing impact of globalization and the dynamic advances in the fields of bioscience and genetics, which keep ethics at the centre of debates about the future direction of healthcare. Combining international and interdisciplinary perspectives, the Handbook provides a cutting-edge account of debates in five key areas: Health Care Ethics in an Era of Globalization; Beginning and End of Life; Vulnerable Populations; Research Ethics and Technologies; Public Health and Human Rights
Chapter 14: Regulating Reproductive Technologies
Regulating Reproductive Technologies
The Debates on Reproductive Technology: The Protagonists
Assisted reproductive technologies (ART) have enabled many people unable to conceive to have children. Following the publicity of the first IVF births at the end of the 1970s, official enquiries were conducted in many countries throughout the 1980s. ART is now an established procedure. A member of the International Committee for Monitoring Assisted Reproductive Technologies (ICMART) presented data from 56 countries to the European Society of Human Reproduction and Embryology (ESHRE) conference in 2006 that estimated that there are now some three million ART children world wide accounting for an estimated 2–3 percent of annual births (http://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2006-06/esfh-tmb062106.php#). These procedures have also raised fundamental, social, ethical and legal questions about the essence of personhood and ...