The SAGE Handbook of Healthcare Ethics is an influential collection of work by leading scholars on the fundamental and emerging themes which define healthcare ethics. This authoritative Handbook brings together experts with backgrounds in philosophy, sociology, law, public policy and the health professions and reflects the increasing impact of globalization and the dynamic advances in the fields of bioscience and genetics, which keep ethics at the centre of debates about the future direction of healthcare. Combining international and interdisciplinary perspectives, the Handbook provides a cutting-edge account of debates in five key areas: Health Care Ethics in an Era of Globalization; Beginning and End of Life; Vulnerable Populations; Research Ethics and Technologies; Public Health and Human Rights
Chapter 11: Health Information Technology and Globalization
Health Information Technology and Globalization
Introduction — Technology and Global Development
The first digital, electronic and programmable computer was developed as an instrument of warcraft. The Colossus was a room-sized collection of racks, pulleys, wires and some 2,400 bottle-sized vacuum tubes built at Britain's Bletchley Park to decipher encrypted German messages (Flowers, 1983; Copeland, 2004). It became operational in 1944 and was used to prepare the D-Day invasion of Normandy. One could argue that it eventually saved more lives than most medical inventions.
Less than a month later, on 1 July 1944 — some coincidences are too pretty to be left out — the Bretton Woods conference convened in New Hampshire. Preparing for a post-war world that would of necessity be interdependent, delegates ...