Geomorphology is the study of the Earth's diverse physical land surface features and the dynamic processes that shape these features. Examining natural and anthropogenic processes, The SAGE Handbook of Geomorphology is a comprehensive exposition of the fundamentals of geomorphology that examines form, process, and history in the discipline. Organized into four sections, the Handbook is an overview of foundations and relevance, including the nature and scope of geomorphology, the origins and development of geomorphology, the role and character of theory in geomorphology, the significance of models and abstractions to geomorphology; techniques and approaches, including geomorphological mapping, field observations and experimental design, remote sensing in geomorphology, quantifying rates of erosion, measuring fluid flows and sediment fluxes, dating surfaces and sediment, GIS in geomorphology, and modelling landforms and processes; process and environment, including rock weathering, the evolution of regolith, hill slopes, riverine environments, glacial environments, periglacial environments, coastal environments, desert environments, karst landscapes, environmental change and anthropogenic activity; and environmental change, including geomorphology and environmental management, geomorphology and society, and planetary geomorphology.
We have noted ways in which geomorphology is now poised to develop in the future in preceding chapters; this conclusion combines some of these proposals, considers a rejuvenated discipline and indicates new issues which geomorphology can pursue.
Enormous changes in geomorphology over the last century include plate tectonics, the revolution in Quaternary science, quantitative processoriented geomorphology (Goudie, Chapter 2), and automated landform classification (Oguchi and Wasklewicz, Chapter 13), as new instruments have produced an increasingly complex picture of the world (Church, Chapter 7). Such changes mean that models cannot easily be extended from one environment to another, such as temperate to tropical environments (Thomas and Kale, Chapter 26); links with, and awareness of, other disciplines are increasingly significant as in ...