Geomorphology is the study of the Earth's diverse physical land surface features and the dynamic processes that shape these features. Examining natural and anthropogenic processes, The SAGE Handbook of Geomorphology is a comprehensive exposition of the fundamentals of geomorphology that examines form, process, and history in the discipline. Organized into four sections, the Handbook is an overview of foundations and relevance, including the nature and scope of geomorphology, the origins and development of geomorphology, the role and character of theory in geomorphology, the significance of models and abstractions to geomorphology; techniques and approaches, including geomorphological mapping, field observations and experimental design, remote sensing in geomorphology, quantifying rates of erosion, measuring fluid flows and sediment fluxes, dating surfaces and sediment, GIS in geomorphology, and modelling landforms and processes; process and environment, including rock weathering, the evolution of regolith, hill slopes, riverine environments, glacial environments, periglacial environments, coastal environments, desert environments, karst landscapes, environmental change and anthropogenic activity; and environmental change, including geomorphology and environmental management, geomorphology and society, and planetary geomorphology.
Geomorphology is the study of landscape origins and evolution. Every landscape is a legacy of past tectonic and climatic events and of present-day geomorphic and anthropogenic processes. Certain landforms, such as volcanoes, limestone caves or granite domes, reflect a strong geological control, while others, such as desert dunes or glacial moraines, require for their formation a specific set of geomorphic processes associated with a particular type of climate. Most landscapes are polygenic and contain landforms fashioned under ever changing climatic conditions, so that it is unwise to rely on purely geomorphic evidence to reconstruct past environmental change. In fact, geomorphology is as much a consumer as a producer of data relating to environmental change. Reconstruction of environmental change relies on a wide ...