- Subject index
Geomorphology is the study of the Earth's diverse physical land surface features and the dynamic processes that shape these features. Examining natural and anthropogenic processes, The SAGE Handbook of Geomorphology is a comprehensive exposition of the fundamentals of geomorphology that examines form, process, and history in the discipline. Organized into four sections, the Handbook is an overview of foundations and relevance, including the nature and scope of geomorphology, the origins and development of geomorphology, the role and character of theory in geomorphology, the significance of models and abstractions to geomorphology; techniques and approaches, including geomorphological mapping, field observations and experimental design, remote sensing in geomorphology, quantifying rates of erosion, measuring fluid flows and sediment fluxes, dating surfaces and sediment, GIS in geomorphology, and modelling landforms and processes; process and environment, including rock weathering, the evolution of regolith, hill slopes, riverine environments, glacial environments, periglacial environments, coastal environments, desert environments, karst landscapes, environmental change and anthropogenic activity; and environmental change, including geomorphology and environmental management, geomorphology and society, and planetary geomorphology.
Chapter 3: The Nature of Explanation in Geomorphology
The Nature of Explanation in Geomorphology
Geomorphology emerged as a scientific discipline in the latter part of the 19th century, and rapidly developed from the early 20th century under the dual influence of its parent disciplines, geology and geography. Geomorphology, as a science, has moved beyond description to yield explanations and predictions of landform change, but as a relatively young discipline marked by rapid development from different origins, it is perhaps not surprising that the subject has been characterized by multiple, often competing, methods and perspectives. In this chapter, the nature of explanation in geomorphology as it has evolved over the 20th century is examined, and connections are made between the objects and objectives of geomorphological enquiry, ...