- Subject index
Geomorphology is the study of the Earth's diverse physical land surface features and the dynamic processes that shape these features. Examining natural and anthropogenic processes, The SAGE Handbook of Geomorphology is a comprehensive exposition of the fundamentals of geomorphology that examines form, process, and history in the discipline. Organized into four sections, the Handbook is an overview of foundations and relevance, including the nature and scope of geomorphology, the origins and development of geomorphology, the role and character of theory in geomorphology, the significance of models and abstractions to geomorphology; techniques and approaches, including geomorphological mapping, field observations and experimental design, remote sensing in geomorphology, quantifying rates of erosion, measuring fluid flows and sediment fluxes, dating surfaces and sediment, GIS in geomorphology, and modelling landforms and processes; process and environment, including rock weathering, the evolution of regolith, hill slopes, riverine environments, glacial environments, periglacial environments, coastal environments, desert environments, karst landscapes, environmental change and anthropogenic activity; and environmental change, including geomorphology and environmental management, geomorphology and society, and planetary geomorphology.
Chapter 2: Geomorphology: Its Early History
Geomorphology: Its Early History
The subject matter of geomorphology – landscapes and the processes that mould them – has been something that has fascinated the human race for thousands of years (Goudie and Viles, 2010). Written documents relating to geomorphological knowledge developed during the European Renaissance, but much of this work was hugely influenced by biblical concerns, especially by the belief that Earth was created by Divine Intervention only 6000 years ago and had been moulded subsequently by catastrophes like Noah's flood (Bauer, 2004). The time span for geomorphological processes to operate and for forms to develop was very brief. However, towards the end of the 18th century ideas began to change (Chorley et al., 1964; Tinkler, 1985), notably in Edinburgh. James ...