- Subject index
Geomorphology is the study of the Earth's diverse physical land surface features and the dynamic processes that shape these features. Examining natural and anthropogenic processes, The SAGE Handbook of Geomorphology is a comprehensive exposition of the fundamentals of geomorphology that examines form, process, and history in the discipline. Organized into four sections, the Handbook is an overview of foundations and relevance, including the nature and scope of geomorphology, the origins and development of geomorphology, the role and character of theory in geomorphology, the significance of models and abstractions to geomorphology; techniques and approaches, including geomorphological mapping, field observations and experimental design, remote sensing in geomorphology, quantifying rates of erosion, measuring fluid flows and sediment fluxes, dating surfaces and sediment, GIS in geomorphology, and modelling landforms and processes; process and environment, including rock weathering, the evolution of regolith, hill slopes, riverine environments, glacial environments, periglacial environments, coastal environments, desert environments, karst landscapes, environmental change and anthropogenic activity; and environmental change, including geomorphology and environmental management, geomorphology and society, and planetary geomorphology.
Chapter 19: Sediment Transport and Deposition
Sediment Transport and Deposition
Sediment transport and deposition are fundamental geomorphological processes that govern the evolution and preservation of landforms (Selby, 1993; Knighton, 1998). The operation of such processes over time acts to fundamentally shape the landscape. A basic understanding of these processes is therefore essential to understanding how landforms are produced under present-day process regimes and how landscapes have evolved in the past in response to variations in the magnitude and disposition of geomorphic drivers (Summerfield, 1991). What is more, natural sediment transport processes impinge on human activity in a multitude of ways. Obvious examples include damage to buildings and infrastructure by landslides and soil erosion of agricultural land (Statham, 1977). Deposition is also highly significant and this is best illustrated ...