- Subject index
Geomorphology is the study of the Earth's diverse physical land surface features and the dynamic processes that shape these features. Examining natural and anthropogenic processes, The SAGE Handbook of Geomorphology is a comprehensive exposition of the fundamentals of geomorphology that examines form, process, and history in the discipline. Organized into four sections, the Handbook is an overview of foundations and relevance, including the nature and scope of geomorphology, the origins and development of geomorphology, the role and character of theory in geomorphology, the significance of models and abstractions to geomorphology; techniques and approaches, including geomorphological mapping, field observations and experimental design, remote sensing in geomorphology, quantifying rates of erosion, measuring fluid flows and sediment fluxes, dating surfaces and sediment, GIS in geomorphology, and modelling landforms and processes; process and environment, including rock weathering, the evolution of regolith, hill slopes, riverine environments, glacial environments, periglacial environments, coastal environments, desert environments, karst landscapes, environmental change and anthropogenic activity; and environmental change, including geomorphology and environmental management, geomorphology and society, and planetary geomorphology.
Chapter 13: Geographic Information Systems in Geomorphology
Geographic Information Systems in Geomorphology
Geographic information systems (GIS) are systems of hardware and software used for storage, retrieval, mapping and analysis of geographic data. The history of GIS is relatively short, and the applications in physical geography and earth sciences, including geomorphology, became frequent only around the end of the 20th century. However, the propagation of GIS in geomorphology during the last 10 years has been rapid. GIS combined with digital elevation models (DEMs) have already become one of the most common approaches of geomorphological research, and many recent studies in geomorphology have utilized GIS and DEMs (Figure 13.1). GIS are strongly linked with methodology and concepts of traditional geomorphology established before the advent of GIS. For ...