The SAGE Handbook of Geographical Knowledge is a critical inquiry into how Geography as a field of knowledge has been produced, re-produced, and re-imagined. It comprises three sections on Geographical Orientations, Geography’s Venues, and Critical Geographical Concepts and Controversies. The first provides an overview of the genealogy of ‘geography.' The second highlights the types of spatial settings and locations in which geographical knowledge has been produced. The third focuses on venues of primary importance in the historical geography of geographical thought.
Chapter 33: The Idea of Evolution in Geographical Thought
The Idea of Evolution in Geographical Thought
The idea of evolution has played a formative role in geography as an intellectual project since the mid-nineteenth century, as it has in disciplines across a full spectrum from the humanities to the natural sciences (Ruse and Travis 2009). In geography, the concept has been especially important in relation the evolution of landscapes through both natural and human agencies. The former would encompass long-term (i.e. Phanerozoic) landform evolution, including W.M. Davis’ cycle of erosion theory, while the latter includes the evolution of cultural landscapes over Holocene to historic timescales. Evolution has provided one of the principal frameworks for incorporating time into geographical change.
But what do we mean by ‘evolution'? The concept itself ...