The SAGE Handbook of Geographical Knowledge is a critical inquiry into how Geography as a field of knowledge has been produced, re-produced, and re-imagined. It comprises three sections on Geographical Orientations, Geography’s Venues, and Critical Geographical Concepts and Controversies. The first provides an overview of the genealogy of ‘geography.' The second highlights the types of spatial settings and locations in which geographical knowledge has been produced. The third focuses on venues of primary importance in the historical geography of geographical thought.

Dynamics and Complexity

Dynamics and complexity


The processes that geographers study are both dynamic and complex. Particularly complex are human geographic systems with autonomous agents who can think and choose to act in a manner contrary to that expected given the prevailing socio-economic and political forces. However, the preferred ontologies in contemporary human geography tend to prioritise the detailed opinions and actions of individuals rather than their collective behaviours. As such, there has been relatively little work within geography that considers social systems from the perspective of either dynamics or complexity theory (although see O'Sullivan 2004). Hence, this chapter largely draws on examples from physical geography.


Studies of the dynamics of a system necessarily involve a consideration of mass and the acceleration of the masses involved by ...

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