The SAGE Handbook of Geographical Knowledge is a critical inquiry into how Geography as a field of knowledge has been produced, re-produced, and re-imagined. It comprises three sections on Geographical Orientations, Geography’s Venues, and Critical Geographical Concepts and Controversies. The first provides an overview of the genealogy of ‘geography.' The second highlights the types of spatial settings and locations in which geographical knowledge has been produced. The third focuses on venues of primary importance in the historical geography of geographical thought.

Spatial Analysis

Spatial analysis


Spatial analysis involves the use of a formal vocabulary to reduce complex geographical patterns to simpler relations, permitting identification of an underlying causal structure. Three separate but interlinked processes are entailed: translation of geographical patterns into a rigorous and precise lexicon, typically taken as mathematics; decomposition of the (now) formally defined geographical pattern into a set of parsimonious and precisely defined elemental relations; and regression to first principles that when grasped provide recognition and understanding of the essential spatial order.

While spatial analysis is most often thought of as a geographical pursuit that begins in the mid-twentieth century, associated with the discipline's ‘quantitative revolution’ (Barnes 2004), it is in fact a practice that goes back much farther, dating to the very beginnings of ...

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