The SAGE Handbook of Geographical Knowledge is a critical inquiry into how Geography as a field of knowledge has been produced, re-produced, and re-imagined. It comprises three sections on Geographical Orientations, Geography’s Venues, and Critical Geographical Concepts and Controversies. The first provides an overview of the genealogy of ‘geography.' The second highlights the types of spatial settings and locations in which geographical knowledge has been produced. The third focuses on venues of primary importance in the historical geography of geographical thought.
Geography and the map have had a long and complex association as each has undergone profound transformation. If we locate the origins of the Western tradition of geography in the writings of Ptolemy and Strabo, for most of its history the map has been unproblematically integral to geography as one of the (and perhaps the) most powerful of its technologies of earth description. The map underwent significant change over that extensive period, moving from earth description in the Classical period to depicting historical– religious space in the Medieval period and back to earth description in the early modern era. In this latter period geographers developed or rediscovered a regular graticule reflecting an x–y coordinate system, an increasingly consistent, coherent and concise descriptive language and ...