The SAGE Handbook of Geographical Knowledge is a critical inquiry into how Geography as a field of knowledge has been produced, re-produced, and re-imagined. It comprises three sections on Geographical Orientations, Geography’s Venues, and Critical Geographical Concepts and Controversies. The first provides an overview of the genealogy of ‘geography.' The second highlights the types of spatial settings and locations in which geographical knowledge has been produced. The third focuses on venues of primary importance in the historical geography of geographical thought.

Public Sphere

Public sphere


In The City of Collective Memory, Boyer suggests a link between ‘public space’ and ‘public sphere’ through an account of Western cities, pointing to historical shifts in the nature and meaning of the former. Following the political revolutions of the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries, she argues, public space, previously associated with honorific and ritual places, ‘was extended to include places of public debate and gatherings where the rational voice of the people could be heard’ (Boyer 1996: 7). What she has in mind here is the idea of the rational bourgeois public sphere formulated by Habermas (1991). Unlike Habermas, however, Boyer is concerned with the manifestations of the development of this public sphere on the spaces of the city – with how ...

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