The SAGE Handbook of Geographical Knowledge is a critical inquiry into how Geography as a field of knowledge has been produced, re-produced, and re-imagined. It comprises three sections on Geographical Orientations, Geography’s Venues, and Critical Geographical Concepts and Controversies. The first provides an overview of the genealogy of ‘geography.' The second highlights the types of spatial settings and locations in which geographical knowledge has been produced. The third focuses on venues of primary importance in the historical geography of geographical thought.




‘War is the school of space’. To the German geographer Friedrich Ratzel (1844–1904), who stated this in his work Politische Geographie (1897), this was a fact of nature. Three-quarters of the way through the battle-scarred twentieth century, the French geographer Yves Lacoste pronounced his profession a graduate of such schooling declaring ‘La Géographie ça sert d'abord à faire la guerre’ (geography is first used to make war) (Lacoste 1976). War, that most popular and persistent of human activities, is undeniably an enterprise that has mangled states and knowledge, spatial and otherwise, with its imperatives and demands. The philosopher Eduardo Mendieta writes that

[w]ar generates a phenomenology and representation of space that since time immemorial have laid the foundations for our quotidian experience of space. The ...

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