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Population Policies, Issues, and Geography
Population policies, issues, and geography

Doctrine, what Ralph Thomlinson called “idealistic policy,” concerning population exists in the earliest texts of human civilization. Confucius argued for positive population growth and also population redistribution to achieve balance between people and resources (Keyfitz, 1973, referenced by Weeks, 2008, p. 69) and also stated that “to die without offspring is one of the three gravest unfilial acts” (Thomlinson, 1976, p. 562). In The Politics, Aristotle argued for balance between population and political or civic organization:

The population, size and quantity, must be neither too large nor too small for the discharge of its civic function. The size of the population is therefore determined and limited by the nature of the civic function; and a great population ...

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