The SAGE Handbook of Gender and Education brings together leading scholars on gender and education to provide an up-to-date and broad-ranging guide to the field. It is a comprehensive overview of different theoretical positions on equity issues in schools. The contributions cover all sectors of education from early years to higher education; curriculum subjects; methodological and theoretical perspectives; and gender identities in education. Each chapter reviews, synthesises, and provides a critical interrogation of key contemporary themes in education. This approach ensures that the book will be an indispensable source of reference for a wide range of readers: students, academics and practitioners.
Chapter 7: Gender, Education and Development1
Gender, Education and Development1
In 2003, UNESCO estimated that girls and women, worldwide, comprised two-thirds of the one billion people with little or no education (UNESCO, 2004). Poverty, global inequality and gender discrimination scar the political, economic and social landscape of too much of the world and powerfully shape the academic, activist and policy literature on gender, education and development. This chapter first outlines some changing features of gender inequalities in access to schooling in developing countries as measured by official statistics and then contrasts the ways in which different disciplinary assumptions about gender and development have engaged with the picture this presents and the policy challenges in this field.
Expanding Gender Equality in Access to Education
From the beginning of the twentieth century, ...