The Handbook of Environment and Society focuses on the interactions between people, societies and economies, and the state of nature and the environment. Editorially integrated but written from multi-disciplinary perspectives, The Handbook of Environment and Society is organised in seven sections: - Environmental thought: past and present - Valuing the environment - Knowledges and knowing - Political economy of environmental change - Environmental technologies - Redesigning natures - Institutions and policies for influencing the environment Key themes include: locations where the environment-society relation is most acute: where, for example, there are few natural resources or where industrialization is unregulated; the discussion of these issues at different scales: local, regional, national, and global; the cost of damage to resources; and the relation between principal actors in the environment-society nexus. Aimed at an international audience of academics, research students, researchers, practitioners and policy makers, The Handbook on Environment and Society presents readers in social science and natural science with a manual of the past, present and future of environment-society links.

Fundamental Economic Questions for Choosing Environmental Management Instruments

Fundamental Economic Questions for Choosing Environmental Management Instruments

Fundamental economic questions for choosing environmental management instruments

Introduction: Why Manage Collectively?

The human consequences of natural events were considered beyond control until about three centuries ago. People's behaviors were thought to leave all but their immediate environs undisturbed. People lived in subsistence, self-contained communities granting them few options but to adapt to the whims of local natures. Many people were ill-fated and had to endure famine, flood, and pestilence. They did little about what nature did to them. The intellectual turmoil of the 18th century offered a more expansive, less fatalistic vision. As was always acknowledged, nature could affect the social order for good or for ill. The contrasting Enlightenment notion that the social order could affect ...

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